Order of Saint Januarius, Knight's Breast Star
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The plaque is in silver with the same design of the badge, and bears the words IN SANGUINE FOEDUS (the Covenant in Blood). The badge is a Maltese cross with lilies in the angles. The obverse
presents a figure of St. Januarius, patron of Naples, in a red robe and hat, with an open book in the left hand.
The Order was instituted by King Charles of Sicily to commemorate his marriage to the Princess Amelia, of Poland.
The recipients of the Order were Roman Catholics, and they were personally chosen by the reigning Monarch of Siciliy. The number of recipients was originally capped at 60, but that restriction was eliminated later in the Order’s history.
The Knights of the Order were meant to always uphold loyalty to the King, and defend the integrity of Catholicism.
The Knights of this Order were given the title Knight of Justice or Knight of Honour. The Knights of Justice were required to trace their aristocratic lineage back four generations. While the Knights of Honour were only considered honourary members of the Order because they could not trace their lineage back four generations.
There is no difference in the design, size, or composition of the awards conferred upon the two different types of Knight.
The Order was abolished with the unification of the Italian Kingdom in 1860.
The Knight Breast Star has an inscription on the obverse reading "IN SANGUINE FOEDUS," which roughly translates to "Union in Blood."
The Knight Breast Star features a variety of possible design features, including differences in composition, size, and design of rays.
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