Order of Saint Januarius, Knight's Collar
Image courtesy of Pages 521-523 of "Handbuch der Ritter und Verdienstorden" by Maximilian Gritzner.
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The longer model of the collar is composed of thirty-six gold links alternating: eighteen gold links of gold fleur-de-lis, five gold ornaments composed of enameled white letters C (for Carlo), charged on enameled white flags (for the Bourbons) on enameled green leaves, six gold ornaments composed of castles towers charged on crossed enamelled white and red flags, six gold ornaments composed of open gospel on which rest two phials of the Martyr’s blood in red enamel and placed upon green palms fronds, one partially enameled red coat of arms at the the centre of the collar.
The Order was instituted by King Charles of Sicily to commemorate his marriage to Princess Amelia, of Poland.
The recipients of the Order were Roman Catholics, and they were personally chosen by the reigning Monarch of Siciliy. The number of recipients was originally capped at 60, but that restriction was eliminated later in the Order’s history.
The Knights of the Order were meant to always uphold loyalty to the King, and defend the integrity of Catholicism.
The Knights of this Order were given the title Knight of Justice or Knight of Honour. The Knights of Justice were required to trace their aristocratic lineage back four generations. While the Knights of Honour were only considered honourary members of the Order because they could not trace their lineage back four generations.
There is no difference in the design, size, or composition of the awards conferred upon the two different types of Knight.
The Order was abolished with the unification of the Italian Kingdom in 1860.
The Collar of the Order was only worn by the Knights on extremely important occasions.
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