Royal Order of Saint Ferdinand and of Merit, Medal of Honour, in Gold
Image courtesy of “Abbildungen zur chronic sämtlicher Ritter Orden und Ehrenzeichen Souveraine and Regerungen, Seiner Majestat dem Konige Von Presussen Freiderich Wilhelm IV gewidmet von H. Schulze, Lieutenant in der Landwehr Artillerie”, published in 1835 in Berlin
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The Order was founded by Ferdinand IV, King of Naples, to commemorate the defeat of the French, and the return of Ferdinand IV to his Kingdom.
This Order was awarded to men who had proven their fealty by staying loyal to the King. It was also awarded in recognition of extraordinary services that demonstrated an individual’s loyalty to the King and the Royal family.
The Order was originally awarded in two grades, the Grand Cross with Grand Cross Breast Star, and the Commander. The grades of Knight, Gold Medal of Honour, and Silver Medal of Honour were added to the Order in 1810.
The Order was discontinued following the unification of Italy in 1860.
It is recorded that the Order was granted as a dynastic Order until 1912.
The obverse inscription roughly translates to "Fidelity and Merit."
The Gold Medal of Honour was awarded to high-mid ranking military personnel, in recognition of distinguished service.
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