Star for Montevideo, Silver Star (for inferiors civilians)
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The Star and Cross for Montevideo (Cruz e Estrela de Distinção de Montevidéo) were established by D. João VI on July 25, 1824. They were founded to reward the soldiers and civilians who participated in the Portuguese attempt to conquest the Banda Oriental, Uruguay between 1816 and 1820.
The Star and Cross were awarded with two classes each, i.e., the Gold and Silver Classes. Each decoration was wore with a gilded clasp on the ribbon displaying the inscription FIDELIDADE VALOR E CONSTANCIA (Loyalty, Valor, and Constancy).
In MedalBook, the Star and Cross are classified into Types based on the model of the decoration. Type I includes decorations for the Star of Montevideo, while Type II consists of decorations for the Cross of Montevideo.
In Type I, the Star was awarded to civilians and soldiers who suffered a siege in the city of Montevideo, when they were surrounded by the forces of the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata. The Star was granted as soon as the recipients arrived in Portugal.
The Star was awarded with four grades; the Gold Star for General and Major Officers features large size, while the Gold Star for Officers features smaller size. The Silver Star for civilians equated to General rank features large size as well, while the Silver Star for civilians equated to Officer rank features smaller size.
The small size versions are known as Brazilian type.
Clasp: FIDELIDADE VALOR E CONSTANCIA Obv: VOLUNTARIOS REAES D EL REI Rev: MONTE-VIDEO 1822 E 1823
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