Order of Agricultural, Commercial and Industrial Merit, Commercial Merit, Grand Cross (1991-)
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The Order of Agricultural, Commercial and Industrial Merit (Ordem do Mérito Agrícola, Comercial et Industrial) was instituted as the Order of Agricultural and Industrial Merit by King Charles I in 1893. It was founded to reward individuals who had contributed to the development of agriculture and industry in Portugal.
It was abolished in 1910 following the establishment of the First Portuguese Republic but was later revived in 1926. It had been reformed in 1962, 1986, and 1991.
Originally, the Order was composed of two divisions, Agricultural Merit and Industrial Merit, but a third division, Commercial Merit, was added in 1991. Currently, it is conferred upon nationals and foreigners who has displayed outstanding services in fields such as agriculture, commerce, and industry, as well as who has contributed to the economic development of the Portuguese Republic.
The Order is classified into three Types. Type I consists of the Agricultural Merit division, Type II contents the Industrial Merit division, and Type III consists of the Commerce Merit division.
The Commercial Merit division recognizes services rendered to trade and tourism.
The Grand Cross has an obverse inscription that translates to "Commercial Merit." It is worn on a sash that is 100mm wide for men and 60mm wide for women.
Obv: MERITO COMERCIAL
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