Riband of the Three Orders, Grand Cross (1789-1823)

SKU: 01.PRT.0110.101.01

Estimated market value:

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  • Gold Badge (with wreath and filigree, 1918-) Obverse

Attributes

  • country
    Portugal
  • date of institution
    June 17, 1789

History


The Riband of the Three Orders (A Band das Tres Ordens) is the reunion of the three ancient, religious and military Portuguese Orders of Christ, of Saint James of the Sword, and of St. Aviz. The Riband was established by Queen Mary I in 1789, following the secularization of the three Military Orders, as an effort to equalize their importance in Portugal.

Since its inception, the only grade has been the Grand Cross (BTO) which is composed of a sash and a star. During the monarchy and from 1918 to 1962, it was awarded to foreign Heads of States, but it has been worn exclusively by the President of the Portuguese Republic since 1962.

It was suspended by the republican government in 1910, and re-instituted in 1918.

The Head of State of Portugal is the Grand Master and, during the royal period, the Crown Prince was the Grand Commander; the Grand Master and Grand Commander could grant this decoration.

The Riband consists of a sash badge with three colors: violet for the Order of St. James of the Sword, green for the Order of St. Aviz, and Red for the Order pf Christ. The badge features these three insignia.

Among the recipients are Alberto I (1919) and Leopoldo III (1938) of Belgium, King Jorge VI (1939) and Queen Isabel II (1955), King Bhumibol Adulyadej (1955) of Thailand, the Brazilian Presidents Café Filho (1955) e Kubitschek de Oliveira (1957), and General Francisco Franco (1962).

There are several versions that differ in size, orientation of the crosses, design, and suspension. Also, there are additional versions that include those composed of precious stones.

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Versions

  • Price

    N/A

  • Composition

    Gold/Enamelled

  • Inscription

  • Size

    50x65mm

  • Maker

    Frederico Da Costa, Lisbon

  • Version Remarks

  • View Item
  • Price

    $6650 USD

  • Composition

    Gold/Enamelled

  • Inscription

  • Size

    56x66mm (Badge); 28x30mm (Crown)

  • Maker

    Frederico Da Costa, Lisbon

  • Version Remarks

    This version has the post-1862 cross of Saint James.

  • View Item
  • Price

    N/A

  • Composition

    Gold/Enamelled

  • Inscription

  • Size

    56x66mm (Badge); 28x30mm (Crown)

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

  • View Item
  • Price

    N/A

  • Composition

    Gold/Enamelled

  • Inscription

  • Size

    76x95mm (Badge); 36x37mm (Crown)

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

  • View Item
  • Price

    N/A

  • Composition

    Gold/Enamelled

  • Inscription

  • Size

    75x86mm (Badge); 52x43mm (Crown)

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

  • View Item
  • Price

    N/A

  • Composition

    Gold/Enamelled

  • Inscription

  • Size

    75x86mm (Badge); 52x43mm (Crown)

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

  • View Item
  • Price

    N/A

  • Composition

    Gold/Enamelled

  • Inscription

  • Size

    67x87mm

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

    Some versions depict a royal crown on the top, while other do not.

  • View Item
  • Price

    N/A

  • Composition

    Silver gilt/Enamelled

  • Inscription

  • Size

    67x87mm

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

    Some versions depict a royal crown on the top, while other do not.

  • View Item
  • Price

    N/A

  • Composition

    Gold/Silver/Diamonds/Rubies/Emeralds

  • Inscription

  • Size

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

    This version belonged to the Queen D. Maria I, and was made in Lisbon by the jeweller Adam Gottlieb Pollet in 1789. Nowadays belongs to t...

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Miniatures

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