Spanish Order of the Red Cross, Grand Cross Star of Honour and Merit (1876-1899)
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The Spanish Order of the Red Cross (Condecoraciones de la Cruz Roja Española) was instituted in Spain by Queen Isabel II/Isabella II on July 6, 1864. It was established in commemoration of the foundation of the Spanish Red Cross at the same year.
The Order is currently awarded, and is granted to members of the Spanish Red Cross in recognition of meritorious service within the realm of public health care and service.
It was originally founded only with the Silver Medal grade. Over time of the Order additional grades were added. The Gold Medal was added by Amadeo I in 1872. The Grand Cross Breast Star was instituted by Alfonso XII in 1876, the II Class Breast Star was added in 1925. The The Medal for Constancy as well as I, II, and III Classes Medals were added in 1926.
The Order was established under protection and patronage of the Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem and the Kings of Spain.
There are known several modification of the Order's badge subject to the political changes in Spain. The crown on the Order grades may be the royal, mural, or imperial crown.
The Order features an obverse inscription in Latin that translates to “In this Sign, Health;” the motto of the Spanish Red Cross.
The Grand Cross Breast Star of Honor and Merit is also known as the I Class Breast Star of Honor and Merit (1876-1899).
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