Order of Pius IX, Commander

SKU: 01.VAT.0103.106.01

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  • Order of Pius IX, Commander Obverse

Attributes

  • country
    Vatican
  • date of institution
    June 17, 1847
  • remarks
    The company Tanfani and Bertarelli from Rome is the Vatican’s official manufacturer of Orders and decorations from 1905 onward. There are also some examples of earlier Knighthood awards, which date prior to 1905, that feature the marks “A. Tanfani” or “Tanfani.” The company name was changed after 1967 to Ditta Augusto Casazza, and they continue to be the modern supplier of the Supreme Order of Christ, the Order of the Golden Militia, the Order of Pius IX, the Order of St. Gregory the Great, and the Order of St. Sylvester. The image of the Commander is a scanned image from pages 321-322 of "Handbuch der Ritter- und Verdienstorden" by Maximilian Gritzner. The book was published in 1893, and falls within the public domain in Canada {{PD-Canada-anon}} and the United States {{PD-1923}}. It is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 70 years or less.

History


This Order was re-established by Pope Pius IX to commemorate and honour the obsolete Pian Order (Ordine Piano) founded in 1560 by Pope Pius IV.

The Order was, and continues to be, awarded to Catholics and non-Catholics in recognition of meritorious service to the Catholic Church, and humanity in general. In 1994, the Order was amended to allow female recipients.

It was originally awarded in the single grade of Knight, and bestowed hereditary nobility upon the recipient and his family. In 1856 Pope Pius IX split the Order into three grades, Grand Cross with Grand Cross Breast Star, Commander, and Knight. From 1856 onward, the Grand Cross was the only grade to bestow hereditary nobility, while the Commander conferred personal nobility upon the recipient, and the Knight grade did not confer any type of nobility.

In 1905 the Order was amended by Pope Pius X, and he added the grade of Grand Commander with Grand Commander Breast Star, which is also known as the Commander with Star grade.

In 1957 the Order was altered again by Pope Pius XII, who added the grade of Collar, also known as Knights of the Collar.

Recipients are bestowed with a prefix after being emitted into the Order, with Knight for men and Dame for women.

The Commander is identical to the Grand Commander grade, the only difference is that the Grand Commander is awarded with an associated Breast Star.

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Versions

  • Price

    $800 USD

  • Composition

    Gold/Enamelled

  • Inscription

    Obv: VIRTVTI ET MERITO PIVS IX Rev: ANNO MDCCCXLVII

  • Size

    62mm

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

    The image of the Commander is a scanned image from pages 321-322 of "Handbuch der Ritter- und Verdienstorden" by Maximilian Gritzner. ...

  • View Item
  • Price

    $350+ USD

  • Composition

    Silver gilt/Enamelled

  • Inscription

    Obv: VIRTVTI ET MERITO PIVS IX Rev: ANNO MDCCCXLVII

  • Size

    56mm

  • Maker

    Tanfani and Bertarelli, Rome

  • Version Remarks

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