Order of the Iron Crown, Knight (with ball finials)

CATEGORY: Version

SKU: 01.FRA.0110.104.01.001

Estimated market value:

$5400+ USD

  • Knight (with ball finials) Obverse
  • Knight (with ball finials) Obverse
  • Knight (with ball finials) Obverse
  • Knight (with ball finials) Reverse
  • Knight (with ball finials) Reverse

Estimated market value:

$5400+ USD

Attributes

  • Country
    France
  • Makers
    Bacqueville
  • Composition
    Silver/Gold/Enamelled
  • Inscription
    Obv: DIO ME LA DIEDE Rev: GUAI A CHI LA TOCCA
  • Size
    21x30mm

History


The Order of the Iron Crown was instituted by Napoleon Bonaparte on June 5, 1805, shortly after he was crowned King of Italy.

The Order was awarded for services that benefited the Crown of Italy. This included military service, as well as services in administration and the arts.

At the time of its creation, the Order had 20 Dignitaries, 50 Commanders, and 500 Knights. On December 19, 1807 an additional 15 Dignitaries, 50 Commanders and 300 Knights were added to the Order.

The Kingdom of Italy was lost by France in 1813, and the Order was taken over by King Fran├žois of Austria in 1814.

The decoration has an inscription that runs along the base of the crown. The inscriptions may vary between "DIO ME L'HA DATA GUAI A CHI LA TOCCHERA," "DIO ME L'HA DATA GUAI A CHI LA TOCCA," and "DIO ME LA DIEDE GUAI A CHI LA TOCCA." All translate to "God gives it to me, beware whoever touches it."

The Order of the Iron Crown is translated from the French "Ordre de la Couronne de Fer".

The following variables may be encountered on the Knight: inscription abbreviation; manufacturer; size; crowns with or without ball finials; the size of the ball finials; laurel crowns without or without enamel.

See also Order of the Iron Crown in the Orders of Austria for more information.

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