Order of the Reunion, Grand Cross Breast Star (oblong)

SKU: 01.FRA.0112.102.01

Estimated market value:

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  • Grand Cross Breast Star Obverse
  • Grand Cross Breast Star Obverse
  • Grand Cross Breast Star Obverse
  • Grand Cross Breast Star Reverse
  • Grand Cross Breast Star Reverse

Attributes

  • country
    France
  • date of institution
    October 18, 1811
  • makers
    Martin-Guillaume Biennais, Paris
  • remarks
    All original awards of the Order are made from gold, but the Breast Star. This standard represents a unique instance in the history of orders where the composition of every grade was gold. Some may be encountered that are not made from gold, but silver gilt. These versions are not original productions.

History


The Order of the Reunion was established by Napoleon Bonaparte on October 18, 1811. It reunited all orders of the Empire into one French order, which helped to control the growing number of Knights in the Legion of Honour.

The Order was conferred upon subjects of the Empire for judicial or administrative services, or for meritorious military careers. The Order had limits of 10 000 Knights, 1000 Commanders, and 200 Grand Crosses. As of March 31, 1814 there were 1364 Knights, 127 Commanders, and 131 Grand Crosses.

During the First Restoration the Order was not conferred, however it was conferred when Napoleon returned to power during the Hundred Days. It was permanently discontinued by Louis XVIII on July 28, 1815. By the same decree, Louis XVIII stipulated that the members of the Order could be admitted to the Legion of Honour if they returned their decorations to the Monnaie de Paris to be melted down.

The obverse inscription translates to “All for the Empire.”

The Order of the Reunion is translated from the French "Ordre de la Réunion".

There were a number of different designs of the Grand Cross Breast Star, although there were only two that were actually worn. The earliest version was slightly oblong, while the later version was circular. Both appear in embroidered and metallic versions. In addition, there are versions that vary in size and manufacturer.

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Versions

  • Price

    $5040+ USD

  • Composition

    Silver

  • Inscription

    Obv: TOUT POUR L'EMPIRE

  • Size

    100mm

  • Maker

    Martin-Guillaume Biennais, Paris

  • Version Remarks

  • View Item
  • Price

    $1670+ USD

  • Composition

    Silver Wire/Silver/Embroidered

  • Inscription

    Obv: TOUT POUR L'EMPIRE

  • Size

    103mm

  • Maker

    Martin-Guillaume Biennais, Paris

  • Version Remarks

    This version is the early oblong version.

  • View Item
  • Price

    $7750-13700 USD

  • Composition

    Silver/Leather

  • Inscription

    Obv: TOUT POUR L'EMPIRE

  • Size

    81-85mm

  • Maker

    Bacqueville

  • Version Remarks

    This version is Bacqueville manufacture c. 1865.

  • View Item
  • Price

    $1670+ USD

  • Composition

    Silver Paillettes/Silver Wire/Silver/Embroidered

  • Inscription

    Obv: TOUT POUR L'EMPIRE

  • Size

    98-118mm

  • Maker

    Martin-Guillaume Biennais, Paris

  • Version Remarks

    This is the later round version.

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  • Price

    $4800+ USD

  • Composition

    Silvered

  • Inscription

    Obv: TOUT POUR L'EMPIRE

  • Size

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

    This version was a project by Vivant Denon and Brenet. It was not actually worn.

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