Decoration of Academic Palms, Type I, Officer of the University
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The Decoration of Academic Palms was established in 1808, and was the precursor to the Order of the Academic Palms, founded in 1955.
At the time of its creation, the Decoration was awarded to eminent members of the University of Paris; it was awarded in three grades, Grand Dignitary, Officer of University, and Officer of Academy. The grades were recognized for the color of the thread.
During and after of the Second Republic, this Decoration was awarded to all individuals within the teaching profession who made significant contributions in science and history, and within the development of the instruction of the arts, sciences and letters. In 1855, the Decoration was reformed, and two grades were created, i.e., Officer of Public Education, and Officer of Academy. These grades were also recognized for the color of the thread.
In 1866, the Decoration was amended again, and it became Decoration awarded on a purple breast ribbon and made of some metal; nevertheless, the 1855 grades remained in the Decoration.
In 1955, the Decoration was promoted to an Order that consists of three Grades; Commander, Officer, and Knight.
Finally, the Order of Academic Palms was instituted in 1955.
The Decoration has three different types which are classified according to changes in grade or form. Type I Decorations were conferred between March 17, 1808 and December 9, 1850, Type II Decorations were conferred between December 9, 1850 and April 7, 1866, and Type III Decorations were conferred between April 7, 1866 and October 4, 1955.
The Type I Grand Dignitary was embroidered directly onto academic robes with gold colours.
The Decorations that were conferred between March 17, 1808 and December 9, 1850, consisted of three grades; Grand Dignitary in golden thread, Officer of University in silver thread, and Officer of Academy in blue and white thread.
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