Officer Long Service Cross, I Class
Image courtesy of Hermann Historica Auctioneers, Munich
Estimated market value:
A Maria Theresa cross constructed of bronze gilt. The arms are finely pebbled with a larger pebbled border.The obverse bears a crowned griffin with a sword, shield and ribbon with the inscription "XL". The reverse is plain. Topped with a crown and a loop for suspension. On a red and yellow striped ribbon.
On February 18, 1831, a series of long service decorations were introduced by Grand Duke Leopold of Baden. The decorations were established to recognise long-serving members of the Baden military, including Officers, Non-Commissioned Officers, and enlisted ranks.
Initially, a I Class Cross for 25 Years was introduced for Officers and a series of clasps for 25, 18, and 12 years of service were introduced for Non-Commissioned Officers and enlisted ranks.
In 1846, a new decoration for Officers, which consisted of a I Class for 40 Years and a II Class Cross for 25 Year was introduced. In 1854, the design of the I Class Cross and II Class Cross was altered. The new design featured waved cross arms and a gold-coloured gryphon on the obverse.
In 1866, Baden was annexed by Prussia and military Officers were issued Prussian awards. The I and II Class Cross continued to be awarded to military officials of the Baden gendarmerie.
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