Merit Order of the Bavarian Crown, Knight's Cross

SKU: 01.BAV.0106.106.01

Estimated market value:

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  • Merit Order of the Bavarian Crown, Knight's Cross (in gold) Obverse
  • Merit Order of the Bavarian Crown, Knight's Cross (in gold) Reverse
  • Merit Order of the Bavarian Crown, Knight's Cross (in gold) Obverse
  • Merit Order of the Bavarian Crown, Knight's Cross (in gold) Reverse

Attributes

  • country
    Germany
  • date of institution
    May 19, 1808
  • makers
    Eduard Quellhorst, Munich
  • remarks
    There is a great deal of variation within the Types of the Order. Small variations in design exist because of different manufacturers. The following variables may be encountered: size; composition; manufacturer; medallion; inscription punctuation; surmounting crown or wreath; enameled wreath; suspension.

Physical Description


Constructed of gold with multi-coloured enamels consisting of an eight-armed star with white enamelled arms, a green enamel oak leaf wreath lays in the quadrants and there are small gold flames protruding from the center between the arms. The obverse center bears an enamelled Bavarian flag bearing a gilt crown encompassed by a red enamel border with the inscription “VIRTUS ET HONOS” (Virtue and Honour). The reverse center bears a medallion with a profile of Maximilian Joseph I encompassed by a red enamel border with the inscription “MAX JOS BOIOARIAE REX”.

History


The Merit Order of the Bavarian Crown was instituted on March 19, 1808 by King Maximilian Joseph I. The order was founded as a civil counterpart to the Military Order of Max Joseph to reward civil servants of the state and other foreigners who displayed acts of exceptional merit. Similar to the Military Order of Max Joseph, individuals who received the Merit Order of the Bavarian Crown were permitted to add the title of “Ritter von” to their family name and those who were not already members of the nobility were ennobled. The Order of Merit of the Bavarian crown was initially founded with three grades: Grand Cross, Commander, and Knight (as well as the two medal classes). Each grade possessed a limited number of members: 12 Grand Cross members, 24 Commanders and 100 Knights, but with unlimited gold and silver medal recipients. In October 1817, the statues permitted 24 Grand Cross members, 40 Commanders and 160 Knights. Further adjustments to the statutes were also made on February 16, 1824, on October 12, 1834, and on January 12, 1835. In 1855, the statutes were modified for the addition of the Commander class. The order was awarded until 1918. The motto of the order is “VIRTUS ET HONOS”, meaning “Virtue and Honour”.

The Merit Order of the Bavarian Crown is awarded in the following classes: Grand Cross and Grand Cross Breast Star, Commander and Commander Breast Star, Knight, gold medal and silver medal.

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Versions

  • Price

    $3,600+ USD

  • Composition

    Gold/Enamelled

  • Inscription

    Obv: MAX. JOS. BOJOARIAE REX Rev: VIRTUS ET HONOS

  • Size

    41mm x 61.5mm

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

    This version is constructed of gold.

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  • Price

    $1,400+ USD

  • Composition

    Silver gilt/Enamelled

  • Inscription

    Obv: MAX. JOS. BOJOARIAE REX Rev: VIRTUS ET HONOS

  • Size

    39mm x 60mm

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

    This version is constructed of silver gilt.

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Miniatures

  • Price

    $470 USD

  • Size

    20mm

  • Composition

    Gold/Enamelled

  • Remarks

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