Military Order of Max Joseph, Grand Cross Breast Star

SKU: 01.BAV.0105.102.01

Estimated market value:

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  • Military Order of Max Joseph, Grand Cross Breast Star Obverse
  • Military Order of Max Joseph, Grand Cross Breast Star Reverse
  • Military Order of Max Joseph, Grand Cross Breast Star Obverse Detail
  • Military Order of Max Joseph, Grand Cross Breast Star Obverse Detail
  • Military Order of Max Joseph, Grand Cross Breast Star Reverse Detail

Attributes

  • country
    Germany
  • date of institution
    January 1, 1806
  • remarks
    There is a great deal of variation within the Types of the Order. Small variations in design exist because of different manufacturers. The following variables may be encountered: size; composition; manufacturer; medallion; inscription punctuation; surmounting crown or wreath; enameled wreath; suspension.

Physical Description


An eight rayed star. The obverse bears a Maltese cross with ball finials at the points of each arm. The center of the cross bears a medallion with the inscription “VIRTUTI PRO PATRIA”. The Grand Cross Breast Star is both in metal and embroidery.

History


The Military Order of Max Joseph was instituted on January 1, 1806 by Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria. It was originally divided into three classes: Grand Cross, Commander’s Cross and Knight’s Cross. It was established to reward excellent military service and bravery. Individuals who received the order were permitted to add the title of “Ritter von” to their family name and those who were not already members of the nobility were ennobled. The descendants of two religious knights qualified for hereditary nobility. Foreigners could receive the order, but did not receive the title of “Ritter von”. It is also important to note that not all individuals with the title “Ritter von” were recipients of the Military Order of Max Joseph. The Order of the Merit of the Bavarian Crown also carried with it a title of nobility and some noble families possessed the title. The awards of the order began to be numbered on October 27, 1840. Following the collapse of the Bavarian monarchy in 1918, the Order became obsolete. However, outstanding awards recommendations were issued until 1922.

The Military Order of Max Joseph is organized as such: Grand Cross and Grand Cross Breast Star, Commander Cross, Knight’s Cross and Official’s Cross.

Some versions of the Grand Cross Breast Star were manufactured by: JUWELIERE GEBR. HEMMERLE VORM. ELCHINGER, Munich, and feature the hallmark
"900."

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Versions

  • Price

    $12,000 USD

  • Composition

    Silver/Gold/Enamelled

  • Inscription

    Obv: VIRTUTI PRO PATRIA

  • Size

    83x83mm

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

    This version is constructed of gold, silver and enamels. It is scarce.

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  • Price

    $6,000+ USD

  • Composition

    Embroidered

  • Inscription

    Obv: VIRTUTI PRO PATRIA

  • Size

    165 mm

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

    This version is embroidered.

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