Order of Military Merit, Civil Division, I Class Cross

CATEGORY: Version

SKU: 01.BAV.0107.103.01.000

Estimated market value:

$9000+ USD

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Estimated market value:

$9000+ USD

Attributes

  • Country
    Germany
  • Makers
    Jacob Leser, Straubing
  • Composition
    Silver gilt/Enamelled
  • Inscription
    Obv: MERENTI Rev: 1866
  • Size
    66x79.5mm

History


The Order was established by King Ludwig II of Bavaria and it was the kingdom’s primary decoration for Officers and high-ranking officials. In addition, civilians who acted in support of the army were also eligible to receive the award. The Order ranked below the Military Order of Max Joseph, which was the highest military honour for Officers and ennobled officers, who were not of noble birth.

In 1905 the Order underwent a revision of classes and by World War I, the order consisted of: Grand Cross, I Class Cross, II Class Cross, Officer’s Cross, III Class Cross and IV Class Cross.

The Order could be conferred with or without swords; awards with swords were generally issued during periods of war or combat.

The Grand Cross and I Class Cross were awarded with a Breast Star; the II Class Cross could be awarded with or without a Breast Star.

The III Class Cross and IV Class Cross could be awarded with or without a crown. This distinction was generally based on rank.

There was also a Military Merit Cross, which was awarded to Non-Commissioned Officers and enlisted men.

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