Knightly Order of St. Michael, Grand Cross Breast Star

CATEGORY: Version

SKU: 01.BAV.0102.103.01.000

Estimated market value:

$4300 USD

  • Knightly Order of St. Michael, Grand Cross Breast Star Obverse
  • Knightly Order of St. Michael, Grand Cross Breast Star Reverse
  • Knightly Order of St. Michael, Grand Cross Breast Star Obverse
  • Knightly Order of St. Michael, Grand Cross Breast Star Reverse
  • Knightly Order of St. Michael, Grand Cross Breast Star Reverse Detail
  • Knightly Order of St. Michael, Grand Cross Breast Star Reverse Detail

Estimated market value:

$4300 USD

Attributes

  • Country
    Germany
  • Composition
    Silver
  • Inscription
    Obv: PFFP QUIS UT DEUS
  • Size
    84x84mm
  • Image Licensing
    https://www.emedals.com/europe/germany/german-states/bavaria/orders/order-of-st-michael/bavaria-an-order-of-st-michael-1st-class-grand-cross-star-c-1865

Physical Description and Item Details


An early example consisting of a silver 50-armed star with a cross pattée in the centre; the obverse with a centre blue enameled medallion inscribed “Quis ut Deuss” (Latin - Who [is] like God?); with each of the arms of the cross featuring a letter, to form the acronym “PFFP” for “Principi Fidelis Favere Patria” (Latin - Faithful to the Prince, serving the Fatherland); the reverse plain, with a vertical needle style pinback, with two additional needles for suspension; an unmarked example however likely of French origin; measuring 84x84mm; weighing 71.0 grams; dark patina from age; in overall extremely fine condition.

History


The Order was founded by Joseph Clemens of Bavaria, who at the time was the Archbishop Elector of Cologne. It was originally a military order, which could only be conferred upon members of the Catholic nobility.

The Order originally included 2 classes, the Grand Cross and the Knight’s Cross.

In 1808, the Order was extended to include a Commander Cross.

On September 11, 1812, King Maximilian Joseph confirmed the order. The king became chief of the Order, and the Grand Master was selected from the princes of Bavaria.

On February 16, 1837, King Ludwig I reorganized the Order and it became open to all individuals regardless of faith or class. It was renamed in Royal Order of Merit of St. Michael.

The award was conferred in recognition of loyalty, patriotism and meritorious service in various fields.

On June 24, 1855, Maximilian II extended the Order to include the grade of Grand Commander and divided the Knight’s Cross into I and II class.

The Order underwent a further reorganization in 1887 and by 1910 it included: Grand Cross, Grand Cross Breast Star, I Class Cross, I Class Breast Star, II Class Cross, II Class Breast Star, Honour Cross, III Class Cross, Knight’s Cross I Class, Knight’s Cross II Class, Merit Cross with Crown, Merit Cross, Silver Merit Medal and Bronze Merit Medal.

The inscription, “PIETAS FIDELITAS FORTITUDO PERSEVERANTIA,” translates to "Piety, Fidelity, Fortitude, Perseverance.”

The Order was awarded until the abolition of the Monarchy on November 7, 1918.

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