Royal Order of Merit of St. Michael, I Class Cross Breast Star (1860-1870)

CATEGORY: Version

SKU: 01.BAV.0102.205.01.001

Estimated market value:

$6500 USD

  • Royal Order of Merit of St. Michael, I Class Cross Breast Star (1860-1870) Obverse
  • Royal Order of Merit of St. Michael, I Class Cross Breast Star (1860-1870) Reverse
  • Royal Order of Merit of St. Michael, I Class Cross Breast Star (1860-1870) Obverse Detail
  • Royal Order of Merit of St. Michael, I Class Cross Breast Star (1860-1870) Reverse Detail
  • Royal Order of Merit of St. Michael, I Class Cross Breast Star (1860-1870) Reverse
  • Royal Order of Merit of St. Michael, I Class Cross Breast Star (1860-1870) Reverse Detail
  • Royal Order of Merit of St. Michael, I Class Cross Breast Star (1860-1870) Reverse Detail

Estimated market value:

$6500 USD

Attributes

  • Country
    Germany
  • Makers
    Halley, Paris, 143 Galerie de Valois, Palais-Royal
  • Composition
    Silver/Gold/Enamelled
  • Inscription
    Obv: QUIS UT DEUS
  • Size
    79mm
  • Image Licensing
    https://www.emedals.com/a-bavarian-royal-merit-order-of-st-michael-g14603

Physical Description and Item Details


A Bavarian Royal Merit Order of St. Michael - Brest Star First Class, in silver, center in Gold and enamels, 79mm, of French manufacture, with beautiful maker’s plaque on reverse of the star, of the famous Parisian jeweler: Halley, Paris, 143 Galerie de Valois, Palais-Royal; due to the address, the star can be dated in the period of the reign of Emperor Napoleon III. (1860-1870). Of superb quality, of multi piece construction, in extremely fine condition and very attractive. Footnote: many Bavarian orders and awards were produced in France during early to mid 19th Century.

History


The Order was founded by Joseph Clemens of Bavaria, who at the time was the Archbishop Elector of Cologne. It was originally a military order, which could only be conferred upon members of the Catholic nobility.

The Order originally included 2 classes, the Grand Cross and the Knight’s Cross.

In 1808, the Order was extended to include a Commander Cross.

On September 11, 1812, King Maximilian Joseph confirmed the order. The king became chief of the Order, and the Grand Master was selected from the princes of Bavaria.

On February 16, 1837, King Ludwig I reorganized the Order and it became open to all individuals regardless of faith or class. It was renamed in Royal Order of Merit of St. Michael.

The award was conferred in recognition of loyalty, patriotism and meritorious service in various fields.

On June 24, 1855, Maximilian II extended the Order to include the grade of Grand Commander and divided the Knight’s Cross into I and II class.

The Order underwent a further reorganization in 1887 and by 1910 it included: Grand Cross, Grand Cross Breast Star, I Class Cross, I Class Breast Star, II Class Cross, II Class Breast Star, Honour Cross, III Class Cross, Knight’s Cross I Class, Knight’s Cross II Class, Merit Cross with Crown, Merit Cross, Silver Merit Medal and Bronze Merit Medal.

The inscription, “PIETAS FIDELITAS FORTITUDO PERSEVERANTIA,” translates to "Piety, Fidelity, Fortitude, Perseverance.”

The Order was awarded until the abolition of the Monarchy on November 7, 1918.

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