Dukely Order of Henry the Lion, Commander Cross Breast Star with Swords
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A Maltese cross constructed of silver, gold, and enamels. The arms of the cross have pebbled details and five individual rays and end with ball finials. There are two crossed swords in the quadrants between the arms. The quadrants between the arms bear the crowned cipher "W". The obverse center bears a circular medallion with the inscription "IMMOTA FIDES" on a red enamel background. Encompassed by a gold border of oak and laurel with the date "MDCCCXXXIV". The reverse bears a vertical pinback.
The Dukely Order of Henry the Lion was founded by Duke Wilhelm of Brunswick on April 25, 1834. The order was conferred upon individuals who distinguished themselves by rending meritorious military or civil service. Civil service included outstanding work in the fields of Art and Science. The conferral of the award was not dependent on an individual’s class or rank. The grand mastery was linked to the government of the duchy and the oldest voting member of the ducal state ministry acted as chancellor. Decorations had to be returned upon the death of the recipient. During the Franco-German War in 1870, crossed swords were added to all war merit awards. In 1877, the Knight class was split into I Class Knight and II Class Knight. In 1908, on the commemoration day of Duke Wilhelm's birthday, the order was redesigned with the addition of a first class between the Grand Cross and the Commander Cross, as well as an Officer Cross between the Commander Cross and I Class Knight Cross. The Dukely Order of Henry the Lion was conferred from 1834 to 1918.
The Commander Cross Breast Star with Swords was awarded from 1909 to 1918. A total of 36 were awarded.
Obv: IMMOTA FIDES
71mm; 73x3mm (swords)
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