Brunswick is a city in Lower Saxony in north Germany and was founded in the 9th century. It has a population of over 251.300.

From the 13th to the 17 century was Brunswick member of the Hanseatic League. Brunswick was the capital city of three successive states:

- the Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (1269–1432, 1754–1807, and 1813–1814)
- the Duchy of Brunswick (1814–1918)
- the Free State of Brunswick (1918–1946)

During the Second World War Brunswick was the target of numerous Allied bombing raids. About 90 percent of the city center and 42 percent of the entire city were destroyed.

In 1946, most of Brunswick belonged to Lower Saxony and so in 1949 to the FRG. Some parts were affiliated in Saxony-Anhalt of the GDR.

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