House Antecedent Order of Henry the Lion, Grand Cross Breast Star
Image courtesy of Auction House Andreas Thies
Estimated market value:
A breast star constructed of silver gilt, enamels, diamonds, and gemstones. The obverse centre bears the entwined monogram "CC" encompassed by a border with the inscription "SEMPER IDEM". The monogram is topped with a crown that is superimposed partially over the border. Above the crown is a Brunswick stead in front of a column. There are four peacock feathers in rubies, emeralds, topaz, and aquamarines.
The House Antecedent Order of Henry the Lion was established by Duke Ludwig Rudolf in 1731, following his accession to power. The statutes of the order were dated July 27, 1731.
The order had only 24 living members, which consisted of 12 Gentlemen and 12 Ladies. It was recommended to engage in charitable acts towards widows and orphaned children, and swearing and defamation was prohibited. Upon the death of the recipient, the award had to be returned.
Duke Ludwig Rudolf died on March 1, 1735 and the order was transferred to the East Frisian Princely House of Circksena. Prince Carl Eduard became the grand master of the order and continued to award it. A handwritten list from the Duke from 1737 shows that 20 people bore the order, 9 of which were women.
On May 26, 1744, Prince Carl Eduard died and the order was lost. It would not be until 1834 when the order would be reinstated as the Dukely Order Of Henry The Lion.
The motto of the House Antecedent Order of Henry the Lion was "SEMPER IDEM", which translates to "Always the Same".
Obv: SEMPER IDEM
The example pictured was sold in auction by Auction House Andreas Thies on November 10, 2012.
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