Dukely Order of Henry the Lion, I Class Cross with Swords
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A Maltese cross constructed of silver gilt and enamels. The arms of the cross are in blue enamel with silver gilt borders. The obverse centre bears a circular medallion with a crowned cipher "W". The reverse bears a central circular medallion with the inscription "IMMOTA FIDES". On a loop for suspension with a red sash ribbon with yellow stripes. The swords of the cross can be seen in the quadrants between the arms or on the ring above the cross.
The Dukely Order of Henry the Lion was founded by Duke Wilhelm of Brunswick on April 25, 1834. The order was conferred upon individuals who distinguished themselves by rendering meritorious military or civil service. Civil service included outstanding work in the fields of art and science.
The conferral of the award was not dependent on an individual’s class or rank.
The grand mastery was linked to the government of the duchy, and the oldest voting member of the ducal state ministry acted as chancellor.
Decorations had to be returned upon the death of the recipient.
During the Franco-German War in 1870, crossed swords were added to all war merit awards.
In 1877, the Knight class was split into I Class Knight and II Class Knight.
In 1908, on the commemoration day of Duke Wilhelm's birthday, the order was redesigned with the addition of a I Class between the Grand Cross and the Commander Cross, as well as an Officer Cross between the Commander Cross and I Class Knight Cross.
The Dukely Order of Henry the Lion was conferred from 1834 to 1918.
The I Class Cross was awarded from 1908 to 1918.
Rev: IMMOTA FIDES
The swords of this version lay in the quadrants between the arms. Only one awarding is documented.
Rev: IMMOTA FIDES
This version has the swords situated above the upper cross arm on a ring. Only one awarding is documented.
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