Medal of Honour in Gold, Type I
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A circular medal constructed of gold. The obverse bears the bust of Prince-Primate Carl Theodor von Dalberg encompassed with the inscription "CARL THEODOR FÜRST PRIMAS". The reverse bears the inscription "DAS VATERLAND SEINEM TAPFEREN VERTHEIDIGER" (from the fatherland to its brave defender) encompassed by a wreath of laurel. On a loop for suspension, with a red ribbon. Weighing 18.5 grams.
The Medal of Honour was established by Prince-Primate Carl Theodor von Dalberg in 1809. The medal was conferred upon members of the military who fought in Spain during the Peninsular War (1808-1814). Troops that fought in Spain suffered heavy losses under French command. Several commanders suggested to the Prince-Primate that a medal be commissioned for those fighting in the war.
Conrad Christian L'Allemand, Frankfurt was commissioned to produce the stamps for the medals. They were available on July 1, 1809. Initially, six gold and twelve silver medals were to be minted by Johann Georg Bunsen, Frankfurt, but the stamps had to be redone and it wasn't until September 30, 1809 that the first seven gold and 20 silver medals were minted. On October 17, 1809, Prince-Primate Carl ordered for 12 more gold and 24 silver medals to be minted. On January 29, 1810 the first award ceremony of six gold and 17 silver medals took place.
The Prince-Primate became the Grand Duke and new stamps had to be created. With the new stamps, six gold and 13 silver medals were minted.
Only seven Type I Gold Medals were conferred.
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