Order of the Golden Lion, Decoration (in silver gilt)
Image courtesy of Andreas Thies
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The House Order of the Golden Lion was instituted by Landgraf Friedrich II of Hesse Kassel and was dedicated to Saint Elisabeth of Hungary, an ancestor of the founder. The Order was conferred upon individuals who demonstrated exceptional civil or military merit. Following the death of the last prince-elector of Hessen-Kassel, the Order was taken over by Grand Duke Ludwig II of Hessen-Darmstadt. On June 6, 1876, the Order was given new statues and was introduced as a Grand Ducal Order.
The Order consisted of three grades: Collar, Collar Badge and Breast Star.
In special cases the Order could be awarded with diamonds.
Awards of the Order were conferred upon women with a bow ribbon.
The Order became obsolete in 1918, following the abdication of the last Grand Duke of Hessen-Darmstadt.
The Collar Badge features the name FRIEDERICUS II on the reverse. The Order Decoration features the name WILHELMUS I on the reverse.
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