Order of Military Virtue (with monogram FL)
Image courtesy of Hermann Historica Auctioneers, Munich
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The Order was established as the Order pour la vertu militaire by Landgrave Friedrich II of Hessen-Kassel on February 25, 1769, and was modelled on the Prussian Pour le Mérite.
The Order was instituted in a single grade and was conferred upon Officers of the Hessian Army or Officers of allied armies. It was conferred for military merit in both times of peace and war. When it was awarded in times of peace, it could only be awarded to individuals with the rank of Major Officer or higher.
In 1820, the name of the Award was changed to Militär-Verdienstorden or Order of Military Merit.
The Order became obsolete following the annexation of Hessen-Kassel by the Kingdom of Prussia in 1866.
It was awarded 242 times.
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