House Order of the Phoenix, Commander Breast Star
Image courtesy of Andreas Thies
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This Order was founded by Prince Philipp Ernst I, and it was originally conferred upon the male and female descendants of the Prince in an effort to foster bonds of kinship and friendship.
The Order was redesigned by the founder's son, Prince Karl Albrecht I, in 1770 to include the grades of Commander, Commander Breast Star, and Knight. The Prince renamed the Order the House Order of the Phoenix and expanded the Order recipients to include foreign and German aristocrats. Recipients from German nobility had to trace their lineage back a minimum of four generations.
The obverse inscription translates to, “In Old Age,” referring to the founder’s advanced age at the time of the House Order’s institution.
The reverse of the cross features the monogram of the founder on the reverse.
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