House Order of Hohenzollern, Type II, Civil Division, Honour Commander Breast Star

CATEGORY: Version

SKU: 01.HOZ.0101.205.01.000

Estimated market value:

$1500 USD

  • Honour Commander Breast Star Obverse
  • Honour Commander Breast Star Reverse

Estimated market value:

$1500 USD

Attributes

  • Country
    Germany
  • Makers
    Gebrüder Hemmerle, Munich
  • Composition
    Silver/Gold/Enamelled
  • Inscription
    Obv: FÜR TREUE UND VERDIENST
  • Size
    72-74mm

Physical Description and Item Details


Hohenzollern, State. A House Order of Hohenzollern, Commander's Star, c.1914

(Hausorden von Hohenzollern, Bruststern zum Ehrenkomturkruez). Instituted on 5 December 1841. A silver, four-pointed star, the obverse centre features a Gold medallion, presenting a white-enamelled centre bearing the Hohenzollern coat of arms (a quartered shield of black and white) under a princely crown, around the medallion is a gold-rimmed band of blue enamel bearing the motto in gold letters FÜR TREUE UND VERDIENST (FOR LOYALTY AND MERIT), with a small wreath of oak leaves below the inscription, the reverse centre plain, featuring a vertical principle pin assembly, unmarked, measuring 73.81 mm (w) x 74.13 mm (h), weighing 46.1 grams, and in near extremely fine condition.

History


The Order was founded by Prince Konstantin of Hohenzollern-Hechingen and Prince Karl Anton of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, and it was conferred in recognition of merit.

The Order originally featured five grades, including three crosses and two medals.

In 1852 the two Hohenzollern principalities were annexed by Prussia and the Order was expanded. It continued to be awarded in Hohenzollern as a Princely House Order.

The Order went through the addition of several attributes and reorganization efforts throughout its history.

In 1866 crossed swords were added to the grades conferred in recognition of military merit.

In 1891 the grade of Honour Commander Cross was added to the Order.

In 1910 Gold and Silver Crosses of Merit were added as grades to the Order.

During the First World War, the Order grades awarded with swords were conferred in recognition of outstanding leadership skills and bravery in the face of the enemy.

In 1916, the Order Statues were revised and it was determined that only military personnel with the rank of Major General or Colonels, who had received the II Class Decoration of a Prussian Order, were eligible to receive the Honour Commander Cross (with swords).

This Order continued to be awarded throughout the Weimar Republic and the Third Reich.

In 1935, King Carol II of Romania became a Prince of the House of Hollerzollern and was given the right to confer the Order in Romania.

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