House Order of Duke Peter Friedrich Ludwig, Civil Division, Grand Cross Breast Star (with golden crown)

CATEGORY: Version

SKU: 01.OLD.0101.103.01.001

Estimated market value:

$1200+ USD

  • Grand Cross Breast Star (with golden crown)
  • Grand Cross Breast Star (with golden crown)
  • Grand Cross Breast Star (with golden crown)
  • Grand Cross Breast Star (with golden crown)

Estimated market value:

$1200+ USD

Attributes

  • Country
    Germany
  • Composition
    Silver/Silver gilt/Enamelled
  • Inscription
    Obv: PFL EIN GOTT EIN RECHT EINE WAHRHEIT
  • Size
    80-84mm
  • Image Licensing
    https://www.emedals.com/europe/germany/german-states/oldenburg/oldenburg-grand-duchy-a-house-merit-order-of-duke-peter-friedrich-ludwig-grand-cross-star-c-1860

Physical Description and Item Details


(Haus und Verdiesnt Orden des Herzogs Peter Friedrich Ludwig, Bruststern zum Großkreuz mit der goldenen Krone). Instituted on November 27, 1838 by Grand Duke Paul Friedrich August. (Issued 1841-1918). An eight pointed multi-rayed silver star, the obverse with a dark blue central enameled medallion depicting the Gold crowned cipher of Peter Friedrich Ludwig, surrounded by a broad red ring of enamels, inscribed “EIN GOTT EIN RECHT EINE WAHRHEIT” (One God, One Righteousness, One Truth), the reverse plain reinforced tips on each of the eight arms, and with a vertical pinback and a functional hinge/catch assembly, marked “Womack” on the reverse, and interestingly with a Dutch dolphin hallmark which although originally denoting silver fineness of less than 250, was also sometimes mistakenly used on foreign objects, measuring 81.93 mm (w) x 81.86 mm (h), weighing 37.8 grams, light patina, overall extremely fine condition.

History


The Order was instituted by Grand Duke Paul Friedrich August of Oldenburg in commemoration of his father, Duke Peter Friedrich Louis. It was conferred in recognition of both civil and military merit.

The Order was separated into two divisions; each division featured the same awards, but they were allotted a different number of members.

The first division or “die Kapitulare” (the Capitulars) was limited to citizens of Oldenburg. The Princes of the Ducal House were entitled to become Honorary Members of the Grand Cross, so long as their lineage to the House was traced through a direct male blood line. The Capitulars had an associated badge, which was a medallion surrounded by an enamelled green wreath. The badge came in numerous grades, which affected the composition.

The second division was composed of Honorary Members. This division of the Order was allowed to confer twice as many awards.

All grades of the Order, except for the Gold, Silver, and Bronze Medals, could be awarded with crossed swords to denote military merit.

If an individual had previously been awarded a lower-grade decoration with swords, and later received a higher grade without swords, they wore “swords on ring” on the higher grade.

In 1918 a further provision for a wreath of laurels was added to the Order. The wreath was conferred for war merit.

The Order became obsolete in 1918 when the last Grand Duke of Oldenburg renounced the throne.

In 1841 the Grand Cross (with crown) was divided into Grand Cross (with gold crown) and Grand Cross (with silver crown).

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