House Order of Duke Peter Friedrich Ludwig, Military Division, II Class Knight (with swords)

CATEGORY: Version

SKU: 01.OLD.0101.209.01.001

Estimated market value:

$1000+ USD

  • II Class Knight (with swords) Obverse
  • II Class Knight (with swords) Obverse
  • II Class Knight (with swords) Reverse
  • II Class Knight (with swords) Reverse

Estimated market value:

$1000+ USD

Attributes

  • Country
    Germany
  • Composition
    Silver/Silver gilt/Enamelled
  • Inscription
    Obv: PFL EIN GOTT EIN RECHT EINE WAHRHEIT Rev: 17.JAN 1755 6.JUL.1785 21.MAI 1829 27.NOV.1838
  • Size
    40x40mm
  • Image Licensing
    https://www.emedals.com/europe/germany/german-states/oldenburg/oldenburg-grand-duchy-a-house-and-merit-order-ii-class-knight-c-1914

Physical Description and Item Details


Haus und Verdienstorden von Herzog Peter Friedrich Ludwig, Ritterkreuz II. Klasse). Instituted on November 27, 1838 by Grand Duke Paul Friedrich August. (Issued 1906-1918). A cross pattee with white enameled arms and crossed swords between the arms of the cross, the obverse with a central blue enameled medallion depicting a silver crowned cipher of Peter Friedrich Ludwig, surrounded by a ring of red enamels, inscribed Ein Gott-Ein Recht-Eine Wahrheit (German - One God, One Righteousness, One Truth), the reverse with white enameled arms inscribed with a series of dates, and with a central white enameled medallion depicting the Oldenburg coat of arms, suspended from a multi-link suspension from a correct replacement ribbon with a horizontal pinback, measuring 40.03 mm (w) x 40.00 mm (h), weighing 22.8 grams, in overall extremely fine condition.

Footnote: Only 39 of this particular class were awarded.

History


The Order was instituted by Grand Duke Paul Friedrich August of Oldenburg in commemoration of his father, Duke Peter Friedrich Louis. It was conferred in recognition of both civil and military merit.

The Order was separated into two divisions; each division featured the same awards, but they were allotted a different number of members.

The first division or “die Kapitulare” (the Capitulars) was limited to citizens of Oldenburg. The Princes of the Ducal House were entitled to become Honorary Members of the Grand Cross, so long as their lineage to the House was traced through a direct male bloodline. The Capitulars had an associated badge, which was a medallion surrounded by an enamelled green wreath. The badge came in numerous grades, which affected the composition.

The second division was composed of Honorary Members. This division of the Order was allowed to confer twice as many awards.

All grades of the Order, except for the Gold, Silver, and Bronze Medals, could be awarded with crossed swords to denote military merit.

If an individual had previously been awarded a lower-grade decoration with swords, and later received a higher grade without swords, they wore “swords on ring” on the higher grade.

In 1918 a further provision for a wreath of laurels was added to the Order. The wreath was conferred for war merit.

The Order became obsolete in 1918 when the last Grand Duke of Oldenburg renounced the throne.

The I Class Knight features a golden crown, the II Class does not.

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