Decoration for Art and Science, Type II, Gold Medal
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A circular medal with a raised border, constructed of gold. The obverse features the left-facing portrait of Duke Ernst with a laurel wreath on his head, with the circular inscription ‘ERNST HERZOG ZU SACHSEN COBURG UND GOTHA’. Below the neck is the stamp cutter’s signature ‘F. HELFRICHT FEC.’. The reverse features an oak leaf wreath, tied at the bottom by a ribbon, with the inscription ‘DEM VERDIENSTE’ (‘for merit’) above a crown in the centre. On a loop for suspension, on a green ribbon.
The Decoration for Art and Science was originally founded as the Medal for Civil Merit, which was primarily awarded to artists. The medal was established in three grades: Gold, Silver, and Bronze. Both wearable and non-wearable medals were issued.
In 1837, the Gold and Silver Medals for Civil Merit became the Gold and Silver Medals for Art and Science. Initially, the design of the medals remained the same, but the size was reduced. In July of 1858, Professor Ferdinand Helfricht produced a new stamp with a different eyelet and suspension ring.
Obv: ERNST HERZOG ZU SACHSEN COBURG UND GOTHA Rev: DEM VERDIENSTE
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