Decoration for Art and Science, Type III, Gilt Cross (with polished medallion 1892-1895)
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The decoration was originally founded by Duke Ernst I as a Medal for Civil Merit, but after 1837 the decorations were awarded more broadly in recognition of meritorious achievements in civil life.
The Type III decoration was redesigned by Duke Ernst II on April 18, 1860.
The new Type III decorations took the form of a cross. This decoration was the highest level of award conferred in recognition of extraordinary merits and achievements within the arts and sciences.
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