Albert Order, Type II, Civil Division, I Class Knight (in gold)

CATEGORY: Version

SKU: 01.SXK.0108.108.01.000

Estimated market value:

$900+ USD

  • Type II, Civil Division, I Class Knight (in gold)
  • Type II, Civil Division, I Class Knight (in gold)
  • Type II, Civil Division, I Class Knight (in gold)

Estimated market value:

$900+ USD

Attributes

  • Country
    Germany
  • Makers
    G.A. Scharffenberg, Dresden
  • Composition
    Gold/Enamelled
  • Inscription
    Obv: ALBERTUS ANIMOSUS Rev: 1850
  • Size
    46-50x35mm
  • Image Licensing
    https://www.emedals.com/europe/germany/german-states/saxony/orders/order-of-albert/saxony-kingdom-an-albrecht-order-cross-in-gold-first-class-knight-c-1910

Physical Description and Item Details


(Albrecht-Orden Ritterkreuz 1. Klasse). Instituted 1850 by King Friedrich August II of Saxony. (1876-1918 Issue). Constructed of hollow Gold with multi-coloured enamels, consisting of a white enameled Christ Cross with Gold borders joined through the arms by a green and red enamel laurel wreath, the obverse presenting with a central medallion composed of a Gold relief of Duke Albrecht III of Saxony inside a blue enameled ring bearing the Order’s Motto of “ALBERTUS ANIMOSUS” (“Albert the Merciful”), the reverse presenting with a central medallion composed of a crowned royal coat of arms in Gold, surrounded by a blue enameled ring bearing the Order’s institution date of “1850”, on loop for suspension from correct replacement ribbon, unmarked, measuring 50.5 mm (h) x 37 mm (w), with a small chip in the enamels on the three o’clock arm of the reverse, in better than extremely fine condition.

History


This Order was instituted by King Freidrich August II in commemoration of the 350th anniversary of the death of his predecessor Duke Albert III, also known as Albert the Bold.

The Order was awarded to recognize general merit and service to the States, such as civil merit, military merit, and merit in art and science.

In 1866 crossed swords began to be added through the centre of the awards conferred for bravery and military merit during wartime. The crossed swords were also featured on the overarching ring of the award after 1871.

The Type I awards were meant to feature the portrait of Duke Albert III on the obverse, but the wrong image was selected and they actually featured the portrait of Albert the Perennial. The mistake was eventually fixed, and the correct portrait was used in the Type II awards.

The Type I awards are known as the "Baker Cap" Type and the Type II awards are known as the "Hinged Cap" or "Young Portrait" Type.

The Type II awards were amended on January 1, 1876.

The Knight was divided into the two grades of I Class Knight and II Class Knight in 1876, leading to the discontinuation of the Honour Cross.

A surmounting gold crown was added to the I Class Knight grade on July 19, 1910.

There is limited information regarding this item.

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