Order of Maria Anna, Maria-Anna Cross
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The Order of Maria Anna was instituted by King Friedrich August III to commemorate his deceased mother Maria Anna, on May 6,1906. The Order was awarded to women that had rendered distinguished to the court, and within public service and non-profit organizations.
This Order followed the Order of Sidonia, but preceded the Carola Medal.
Originally, the Order had three classes. In 1913, a decoration was added between the II Class and the Maria Anna Cross.
During the First World War, the Maria Anna Order was used as a war award.
Following the death of a recipient, or should the recipient be upgraded to a higher class, the decorations had to be returned. No awards were granted to foreigners.
The Maria Anna Cross does not have any enamelling. It was awarded 205 times, to lower ranking individuals.
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