Order of Sidonia, Cross (in silver gilt)
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The Order of Sidonia was founded by King John on December 31, 1870. It was conferred upon women in recognition of merit during a war period. This was the first Order for women in Saxony.
The Order was primarily awarded to women that had demonstrated self-sacrifice and altruism by caring for wounded soldiers during the Franco-German War of 1870/71. It could be awarded to any national, by birth or marriage, that serviced Saxony, with a few exceptions for foreigners. It was awarded to both single and married women. The right to award the decoration was exclusive to the King.
The name of the Order commemorates Duchess Sidonie of Bohemia, the first wife of Duke Albert of Saxony, also known as Albert the Beloved (1443-1500).
This Order is one class, but is worn in two different styles. It was worn on a sash by members of a royal family. The Order was awarded a total of 109 times, of which 12 were awarded to foreigners, 8 on the grand cross sash and 4 on the cross on the ribbon.
The Order became obsolete in 1918, with the fall of the monarchy.
The Cross was awarded 96 times on the bow, of which 72 were in gold and 24 were in silver gilt. Of the entire 96, 4 were awarded to non-saxon women.
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