Medal for the Arts and Sciences, Type IV, in Large Gold (in gold, stamped "K.SCHWENZER")
Image courtesy of "Die Ritter und Verdienst Orden, Ehrenzeichen und Medaillen aller Souveräne und Statten", L.J. Trost
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The Medal for Arts and Sciences was founded by King Wilhelm I of Württemberg on March 14, 1824. The Medal was awarded for outstanding achievements in the fields of art and science.
Type I medals were almost exclusively issued in a non-wearable form. In some cases, individuals were allowed to wear the medal suspended from the Commander Cross ribbon of the Order of the Württemberg Crown.
On December 1, 1936, King Wilhelm I added the Small Gold Medal as a grade. The small gold medal was generally issued in a non-wearable form, but in certain cases, recipients were allowed to wear it suspended from the Knight’s Cross ribbon of the Order of the Württemberg Crown.
In 1850, the medal stamp became unusable and Carl Friedrich Voigt was given the assignment of creating a new design. This new design was not introduced until the spring of 1852. This version is referred to as Type II.
In 1865, the medal was redesigned to feature the portrait of King Karl, who ascending the throne in 1864. The new stamp was created by Christian Schnitzspahn. This version of the medal was non-wearable, but in some cases, recipients were allowed to wear it on a ribbon of the Order of the Württemberg Crown. This version is referred to as Type III.
In June of 1892, the medal was redesigned to feature the portrait of King Wilhelm II. Like the other version of this medal, this medal was generally non-wearable and some recipients were granted the right to wear it on a ribbon of the Order of the Württemberg Crown. This version of the medal is referred to as Type IV.
The Type IV medals were awarded until the collapse of the monarchy in 1918.
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