Friedrich Order, Civil Division, I Class Knight Case
CATEGORY: Case of Issue
Image courtesy of eMedals.com
Image courtesy of eMedals.com
Estimated market value:
(Friedrichs-Orden I. Klasse Ritterkreuz). Instituted 1 January 1830 by King William I of Württemberg. (1856-1918 Issue). A hollow Gold Cross Pattée with sun-rays between the arms of the cross, the obverse with a silver gilt monogram of Friedrich I within a bed of white enamels, surrounded by a silver gilt ring, identical reverse, on loop for suspension from its period original ribbon, measuring 36.09 mm (w) x 35.80 mm (h), weighing 16.1 grams with its ribbon, minor flecking of enamels but otherwise in near mint condition, accompanied by its period original case, constructed of heavy cardstock with faux blue leather exterior, with embossed designs on exterior lid, interior red satin-type lid liner with gold maker’s stamp of “Eduard Foehr, Königl.-Hofjuwelier, Stuttgart”, intact hinge cover, removable recessed felt medal bed, functional magnetic metal spring catch with exterior stud release, functional magnetic metal hinge, measuring 60 mm (w) x 100 mm (w), in extremely fine condition.
The Friedrich Order was established by King Wilhelm I on January 1, 1830, to commemorate his father King Friedrich I for his great service to the royal House and to the state of Württemberg. The Order was awarded in recognition of meritorious military and civil service rendered to the royal house.
From 1830 to 1856, the Order featured a single Cross grade with an associated Breast Star. In 1856, the Order was amended to include the grades of Grand Cross with Grand Cross Breast Star, I Class Commander with I Class Commander Breast Star, II Class Commander, and Knight.
Type I Order recipients were granted personal Knighthood. They were required to incorporate the decoration they received into their title, as well as into their Coat-of-Arms. Type II Order recipients were not granted personal Knighthood.
As of September 19, 1870, surmounting crossed swords could be added to all grades to recognise a recipient for military merit in wartime. At the same time, the Knight grade was divided into the two separate grades of I Class Knight and II Class Knight. Previous recipients of the Knight Grade were upgraded to I Class Knight. Some sources falsely claim that the Knight grade was divided in 1866.
As of 1890, swords could also be added to the breast star.
In 1892, King Wilhelm II added the grade of Golden Merit Medal to the Order.
As of March 6, 1899, surmounting crowns could be added to the grand cross and the grand cross breast star to recognise a recipient for exceptional and special merit.
As of 1917, the grand gross could be worn as a neck decoration.
Known manufacturers of the Order grades included: F. Steinam, Stuttgart; Eduard Foehr, Stuttgart; Württemberg Royal Mint, Stuttgart; and Jewelers Berg & Cie.
The Order became obsolete in 1918.
The I Class Knight is also known as the Knight.
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