Legion Condor, Spanish Cross in Gold with Swords and Diamonds

CATEGORY: Version

SKU: 01.GTR.0301.201.01.000

Estimated market value:

$55000+ USD

  • Spanish Cross in Gold with Swords and Diamonds Obverse
  • Spanish Cross in Gold with Swords and Diamonds Obverse
  • Spanish Cross in Gold with Swords and Diamonds Reverse

Estimated market value:

$55000+ USD

Attributes

  • Country
    Germany
  • Composition
    Silver gilt/Diamonds
  • Size
    58mm
  • Image Licensing
    The image of Legion Condor, Spanish Cross in Gold with Diamonds is attributed to Hermann Historica Auctioneers, Munich. See the following page for more information: https://www.hermann-historica.de/de/l/155471/oberleutnant_hans-detlef_von_kessel_-_spanienkreuz_in_gold_mit_schwertern_und_br?Q=Spanienkreuz%20&Aid=155&Atype=0&Lstatus=0&currentpos=1

History


On April 14th, 1939, Adolf Hitler instituted the Spanish Cross as both a campaign medal and a decoration. The Cross was conferred upon German citizens who filled combative and non-combative roles during the Spanish Civil War.

With the outbreak of the war in July 1936, the German government sent the tactical group known as the Condor Legion to assist Francisco Franco and his nationalist forces. The Condor Legion consisted of a fighter wing, a bomber wing, a reconnaissance squadron, Flak regiments, paratroopers and an air-signal unit. In addition, some German naval forces were also sent to aid Franco’s cause.

The Combatant version of the decoration features crossed swords, and was awarded in gold, silver, or bronze according to the rank and merit of the recipient.

The Combatant version could be award to individuals who participated in the naval actions including: the aerial attack on the German cruiser “Deutschland” (May 19, 1937), the reprisal bombardment of the Almeria (May 31, 1937), and the bombing of German ships off Palma (My 1937). Three months of service on Spanish waters also qualified an individual for a Spanish Cross (silver or bronze).

The Non-Combatant version of the decoration does not feature crossed swords, and was awarded in bronze or silver according to the rank and merit of the recipient. This version was awarded for a minimum of three months of service in Spain.

The Cross with swords and diamonds was only conferred upon high-ranking Officers and other distinguished combatants.

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