German Eagle Order, Grand Cross Breast Star with Swords

CATEGORY: Version

SKU: 02.GTR.0101.204.01.000

Estimated market value:

$12500 USD

  • Grand Cross Breast Star with Swords Obverse
  • Grand Cross Breast Star with Swords Reverse
  • Grand Cross Breast Star with Swords Obverse
  • Grand Cross Breast Star with Swords Reverse
  • Grand Cross Breast Star with Swords Detail
  • Grand Cross Breast Star with Swords Detail
  • Grand Cross Breast Star with Swords Detail

Estimated market value:

$12500 USD

Attributes

  • Country
    Germany
  • Composition
    Silver/Silver gilt/Enamelled
  • Size
    80mm

Physical Description and Item Details


(Orden vom Deutschen Adler Großkreuz mit Schwertern). An Order of the German Eagle Grand Cross Set, consisting of a grand cross breast badge, and a grand cross sash badge. The grand cross breast badge constructed of a silver eight-pointed star, with a center applique on the obverse in the shape of a Maltese cross, constructed of silver gilt with white enameled arms, along with four national eagles “Hoheitszeichen” between the arms of the cross, with crossed swords superimposed on the cross; the reverse with a vertical pinback, with a barrel hinge and a broad catch; the pin marked “900” for silver content and “21” for “Gebrüder Godet & Co., Berlin”; with two rivets visible on the reverse; measuring 80.39 mm (w) x 80.24 mm (h); weighing 62.0 grams.

History


The Order was instituted by Adolf Hitler in 1937, as an honorary award conferred upon notable foreigners, particularly diplomats, who were considered sympathetic to the Nazi Regime and its ideals.

There were official amendments made to the Order laws on April 10, 1939, and December 27, 1943. In the 1939 amendment, swords were added as a possible award attribute for military merit. While in 1943, the Order was expanded from six classes to nine classes.

The suspension attachments of the Order also changed over time. From 1937 to 1939, the awards were attached to the suspension by a ring, and from 1939 to 1945, the awards were attached to the suspension by a fan.

All awards with swords feature “fan” suspenders.

Countries who did not conferrer orders upon Germans did not receive the German Eagle Order. These countries include: USSR, Lithuania, Czechoslovakia, and Norway.

As a guideline certain ranks were expected to receive certain medal grades: Ministers, Ambassadors and commanding Generals often received the Grand Cross, General Lieutenants often received the Merit Cross with Star, Colonels often received the Merit Cross I Class, Majors often received the Merit Cross II class, Captains often received the Merit Cross III Class, and non-Officers often received the Merit Medal.

However, this guideline was changed later.

The Order became obsolete after the Second World War and the fall of the Nazi Government.

The Grand Cross Breast Star has eight rays.

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