Grand Cross of the Iron Cross (by Juncker, golden frame)

CATEGORY: Version

SKU: 01.GTR.0101.101.01.003

  • Grand Cross of the Iron Cross (by Juncker, golden frame) Obverse
  • Grand Cross of the Iron Cross (by Juncker, golden frame) Obverse
  • Grand Cross of the Iron Cross (by Juncker, golden frame) Obverse
  • Grand Cross of the Iron Cross (by Juncker, golden frame) Reverse
  • Grand Cross of the Iron Cross (by Juncker, golden frame) Reverse
  • Grand Cross of the Iron Cross (by Juncker, golden frame) Reverse

Estimated market value:

N/A

Attributes

  • Country
    Germany
  • Makers
    Unknown Maker
  • Composition
    Iron/Silver gilt/Silver
  • Inscription
    Obv: 1939 Rev: 1813
  • Image Licensing
    The image is attributed to Auction House Andreas Thies, Catalogue 44. See: https://www.andreas-thies.de/onTEAM/grafik/A44_193_224.pdf

Physical Description and Item Details


Ca. 10 examples of this version may have been produced, however they were certainly never awarded. The frame is gold plated with silver beading. This design was rejected for not being in keeping with the traditional Iron Cross look.

There is limited information regarding this version.

History


The Iron Cross was originally founded in 1813, and was considered Germany’s highest military decoration. On September 1st, 1939, Adolf Hitler renewed the Order of the Iron Cross and instituted the decoration in four grades, II Class Iron Cross, I Class Iron Cross, Knight’s Cross and Grand Cross.

The 1939 Grand Cross was to be conferred upon senior field commanders whose leadership dramatically influenced the outcome of a major battle or campaign. It was conferred only once, upon Hermann Göring on July 19th, 1940, for the participation of the Luftwaffe in the campaigns in France and the Low Countries.

Göring’s original Grand Cross was destroyed and he replaced it with one composed of black onyx and platinum. The frame was crafted by Professor H. Zeitner, a goldsmith in Berlin.

The location of Göring’s Grand Cross is unknown.

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