Army Flak Badge, by Unknown Maker: LM
Estimated market value:
The Army Flak Badge was established on July 18, 1941, by Generalfeldmarschall von Brauchitsch, the Supreme Commander of the Army, to recognise members of anti-flak batteries, searchlight crews, and sound-locator crews, who distinguished themselves in actions against Allied aerial attacks.
Initially, the badge was awarded for group achievement instead of individual achievement. Units would receive it after downing five targets. Commanders of units would receive it after at least half of their men had received the badge. This was later changed, and a point system reflecting the requirements needed to receive the Luftwaffe Flak Badge was instituted for the Army Flak Badge as well. In order to receive the badge, an individual had to accumulate a total of sixteen points. Initially, two points were conferred for downing an enemy aircraft with the assistance of another flak battery. If a sole battery was responsible for bringing down an aircraft, each member involved received four points. One point was awarded to search and spotlight crews for every enemy aircraft they detected. During the later stages of the war, this was slightly changed. From then on, the badge could be awarded after participating in three air defense actions that resulted in the downing of a plane, or after participating in five air defenses regardless of downings of planes.
Award conferrals were authorised by Commanders who held the rank of Artillery General or higher. The Army Flak Badge was strictly conferred for the fighting of aerial targets, while the General Assault Badge was awarded for the fighting of ground-based targets.
The badge was designed by the firm of Wilhelm Ernst Peekhaus in Berlin.
The only maker known to have produced tombac Army Flak Badges is C. E. Juncker. All other makers exclusively produced solid die cast zinc badges, with Förster & Barth being the only company to not only fashion solid, but also a number of semi-hollow badges.
Compared to the Luftwaffe Flak Badges, the Army Flak Badges are relatively scarce.
Badges marked “LM” refer to a maker that is, as of yet, unknown. They are so similar to bages by Aurich that it is believed that Aurich produced them and then supplied them to LM. Badges by this maker have all been found in advanced stages of deterioration.
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