Military Merit Cross
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The Cross was established by Duke Wilhelm of Brunswick and was conferred upon Non Commissioned Officers and enlisted men who demonstrated bravery and valour.
There is no evidence to suggest that the Cross (1879) was ever awarded.
In 1914, Duke Ernst August re-established and remodelled the Cross. Only a few crosses were produced and once again, there is limited evidence to suggest that these Crosses were ever awarded.
In 1918, the Cross was divided into two classes, I Class (with a pinback) and II Class. The Award was conferred upon individuals who demonstrated bravery under fire. Originally, only natives of Brunswick who had received the Prussian Iron Cross or an equivalent Bavarian decoration were eligible to receive the Cross. Eventually, soldiers who served in Brunswick’s units, but were not natives of Brunswick, became eligible to receive the award.
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