Peninsula Medal for Officers, Type I (by Brasseux Freres)
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The Type I Medal was established by Duke Carl II and was conferred upon Officers who served with the British in the Peninsular War.
The Peninsular War began in 1806, when Napoleon Bonaparte ordered a continental blockade against England, and Britain’s long term ally, Portugal, refused to comply. In 1807, France and Spain agreed to jointly invade Portugal, and the conflict escalated in 1808, when France turned on Spain and seized strategic Spanish fortresses.
Type I features the cipher "C".
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