War Merit Cross, II Class

CATEGORY: Version

SKU: 02.BRU.0113.102.01.000

Estimated market value:

$70 USD

  • War Merit Cross, II Class Obverse
  • War Merit Cross, II Class Reverse

Estimated market value:

$70 USD

Attributes

  • Country
    Germany
  • Composition
    Bronze
  • Inscription
    Obv: EA 1914
  • Size
    30x30mm

History


The Cross was established by Duke Ernst August on October 1914, and was conferred upon military personnel, regardless of rank, who distinguished themselves in battle.

Originally, only natives of Brunswick who had received the Prussian Iron Cross or an equivalent Bavarian decoration were eligible to receive the Cross. Eventually, soldiers who served in Brunswick’s units, but were not natives of Brunswick, became eligible to receive the award.

In November 1915, the War Merit Cross for Non-Combatants was introduced. It was conferred on a ribbon with colouring that differed from that of the ribbon for frontline combat.

Originally the decoration consisted of only one grade, but in 1918, it was extended to include a I Class Cross (with a pinback) and a II Class Cross.

Recipients of the II Class could also receive an additional proficiency clasp (Bewährungsabzeichen). To be eligible an individual had to be a native of Brunswick as of August 1st, 1914, or an Officer in one of Brunswick’s military formations. In addition, the recipient had to perform two years of unbroken service and had a record of good conduct. The clasp features a horse framed by a laurel wreath. It is composed of sheet iron and measures 30x20mm. It ranges in price from $55-65 USD.

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