Order of Muhammed Ali, Collar
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The Order of Muhammed Ali (Nishan al-Muhammad Ali) was instituted by Sultan Hussein Kamil on April 14, 1915. The Order was created in commemoration of Muhammad Ali Pasha, who founded modern Egypt and is conferred as the Kingdom of Egypt’s highest civilian and military Order. The Order of Muhammed Ali was made obsolete in 1954 following the Egyptian Revolution of 1952 which abolished Egypt’s constitutional monarchy and British occupancy.
The Order was conferred in three classes. The Supreme Class is referred to as the Grand Cordon Collar. The Grand Cordon is presented as the I Class and the Commander is presented as the II Class. There is also a Gold and Silver Medal associated with the Order.
The Supreme Class is bestowed upon heads of State and members of Egyptian and foreign royalty. The Supreme Class was rarely conferred.
The Medallion of the Order suspended by the Collar features an obverse Arabic inscription that translates to "Charity, Justice and Freedom from Vindictiveness are the Strength of a Kingdom" and "Mohammed Ali."
There may be a subsequent Type of the Order of Muhammed Ali established in 1919, but more research is necessary.
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