Haiti, officially the Republic of Haiti, is a country located together with the Dominican Republic on the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea. The official languages are French and Haitian Creole. Port-au-Prince is the capital and largest city.
The region was originally inhabited by the indigenous Taíno people. Spain landed on the island in 1492 during the first voyage of Christopher Columbus. The island became the first permanent Spanish settlement in the Americas. The western portion of the island was ceded to France. Sugarcane plantations, worked by slaves brought from Africa, were established by colonists.
During the French Revolution, slaves and free people of color revolted in the Haitian Revolution (1791–1804), culminating in the abolition of slavery. The sovereign state of Haiti was established in 1804 -the first independent nation of Latin America and the Caribbean, the second republic in the Americas. The Haitian Revolution lasted just over a dozen years; Alexandre Pétion was the first President of the Republic. In 1825, France formally recognized the independence of the nation in exchange for a payment of 150 million francs, which reduced Haiti's economy for years.
In MedalBook, the country is organized by Orders, Medals & Decorations, and Badges & Insignia.
Ross, Robert L. and Alan M. Stahl. From a Thankful Nation, Latin America Medals & Orders in the Robert L. Ross Collection. Princeton, New Jersey, Princeton University Library, 2014.
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