The Republic of Bulgaria is a country in southeastern Europe. It is bordered by Romania, Serbia, Macedonia, Greece, Turkey and the Black Sea. The capital and largest city is Sofia. The urbanized population of seven million lives mainly in Sofia and the 27 provincial capital cities With a territory of 42,855 square miles, Bulgaria is Europe's 16th-largest country. The official language is Bulgarian. Since adopting a democratic constitution in 1991, Bulgaria has been a unitary parliamentary republic.

The Bulgarians founded the first unified Bulgarian state in 681 AD, which dominated most of the Balkans. The First Bulgarian Empire lasted until the early 11th century. A successful Bulgarian revolt in 1185 established a Second Bulgarian Empire. After numerous exhausting wars and feudal strife, the Second Bulgarian Empire disintegrated in 1396 and its territories fell under Ottoman rule for nearly five centuries. The Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78 resulted in the formation of the current Third Bulgarian State. In 1946 Bulgaria became a one-party socialist state and part of the Soviet-led Eastern Bloc. The ruling Communist Party gave up its monopoly on power after the Revolutions of 1989 and allowed multi-party elections. Bulgaria then transitioned into a democracy and a market-based economy.

The Principality Of Bulgaria's first order was created with Article 59 of the Tarnovo Constitution, The Order Of Bravery, which came into force on 1 January 1880. The highest Tsardom Of Bulgaria award was the Order Of Saint Cyril And Saint Methodius awarded to those who brought outstanding excellence to the culture of the Tsardom Of Bulgaria.


President of the Republic of Bulgaria: https://www.president.bg/cat87/130/Orders-and-medals-of-the-Republic-of-Bulgaria.html&lang=en
North East Medals: http://www.northeastmedals.co.uk/
The Association of the Order of Leopold: http://www.orderofleopold.be/index.htm
Pavlov, Petko. Bulgarian Military Decorations. Sofia: PHP Publishing House, 2007.
Pavlov, Petko. Bulgarian Orders and Medals. Sofia: PHP Publishing House, 2002.
Ronanoff, Prince Dmitri. The Orders, Medals, and History of the Kingdom of Bulgaria. Balkan Heritage, 1991.
Furlan, Marian. Socialist Bulgaria: Orders and Medals, 1994-1991. Toronto: Militaria House, 1997.

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