Order of Albert the Bear, Grand Cross with Swords (in bronze gilt)

CATEGORY: Version

SKU: 01.ANH.0101.201.01.000

Estimated market value:

$2,300 USD

  • Order of Albert the Bear, Grand Cross with Swords (in bronze gilt)

Estimated market value:

$2,300 USD

Attributes

  • Country
    Germany
  • Composition
    Bronze gilt
  • Inscription
    Obv: FUERCHTE GOTT UND BEFOLGE SEINE BEFEHLE Rev: ALBRECHT DER BAER REG: 1123 BIS 1170
  • Size
    44x52mm
  • Version Remarks
    This version is constructed of bronze gilt.

Physical Description and Item Details


An ovular medal constructed of bronze gilt. The center of the medal bears the cut out image of a crowned bear ascending a wall with a door. The obverse is encompassed with border inscribed with "FUERCHTE GOTT UND BEFOLGE SEINE BEFEHLE" (Fear God and Obey His Commands). The reverse is encompassed by a border inscribed with "ALBRECHT DER BAER REG: 1123 BIS 1170" (Albert the Bear 1123 1170). The medal is topped with two crossed swords. On a loop for suspension on a red and green sash.

History


The Order of Albert the Bear was founded by Prince Sigismund I of Anhalt-Dessau around 1382 and was named after Albert the Bear (1110-1170), the first Ascanian Margrave of Brandenburg and the Count of Anhalt and Ballenstadt. The order was forgotten after Prince Sigismund I’s death in 1405. On November 18, 1836, the order was renewed and madea joint House Order by Duke Henry of Anhalt-Köthen, Duke Leopold IV of Anhalt-Dessau, and Duke Carl of Anhalt-Bernburg. The Order of Albert the Bear was awarded by the Dukes to meriotus subjects as a token of honour and distinction.

The Order of Albert the Bear originally featured three main grades and two merit medals, which included: Grand Cross with Grand Cross Breast Star, Commander, Knight, Gold Medal of Merit, and Silver Medal of Merit. In 1848, the grade of Commander was expanded into I Class Commander with I Class Commander Breast Star and II Class Commander. In 1854, the grade of Knight was expanded into I Class Knight and II Class Knight. From 1863, the reigning DUke of Anhalt was the order’s Grand Master. Non-Christians were not eligible for the order until after 1863.

The Order was amended on July 18, 1864, to incorporate crossed swords as a possible addition for wartime merit. The crossed swords, which are added between the top of the medal and the suspension ring, indicate a Military Division award. The absence of crossed swords indicates a Civil Division award.

In 1901, a surmounting gold-coloured crown was added to the grades of Grand Cross, I Class Commander, II Class Commander, and I Class Knight. A surmounting silver crown was added to the grade of II Class Knight. According to the statues, it was possible for a Grand Cross to be awarded with the combination of a crown and swords, however, no such medal was officially produced.

There are only 12 examples of the Grand Cross that were made from pure gold. These were intended for an elite group of people, which included: Kaiser Ferdinand of Austria, King Friedrich Wilhelm III of Prussia and Tsar Nicholas I of Russia.

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