Civil Merit Medal in Silver, Type II (1817-1818)

CATEGORY: Version

SKU: 02.BAD.0101.202.01.000

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Estimated market value:

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Attributes

  • Country
    Germany
  • Makers
    Carl Wilhelm Doell, Karlsruhe
  • Composition
    Silver
  • Inscription
    Obv: CARL GROSHERZOG VON BADEN. 1817 Rev: DEM VERDIENST GEWIDMET V. FURST U. VATERLAND
  • Size
    40mm
  • Version Remarks
    44 grams The obverse features the maker mark DOELL.F (Doell fecit = made by Doell). The reverse features the maker mark CWD. Samples in bronze gilt are known to exist.

History


The Civil Merit Medal was originally introduced in 1769 under Margrave Carl Friedrich (Charles Frederick) and it was conferred upon civil officers of lowly rank who rendered long and faithful service. It was also awarded to private citizens who distinguished themselves in the arts or industry, as well as to individuals who provided assistance in life threatening situations.

Initially, the medal was not meant to be worn. This changed towards the end of the 18th century.

In 1796, a new stamp was created based on a medal that was introduced for the 50th anniversary of Margrave Carl Friedrich’s reign.

Since 1810, the reverse shows the female patron of Baden, the “Badenia”, holding a laurel wreath in one hand and resting her other hand on a gryphon.

In 1811, Margrave Carl Friedrich was succeeded by his grandson, Grand Duke Carl I. The Civil Merit Medal continued to be awarded with the portrait of Margrave Carl Friedrich until 1817, when a decoration with the effigy of Grand Duke Carl I was introduced. The design of the reverse remained the same, with slight variations.

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