Civil Merit Medal in Silver, Type II (1817-1818)
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A circular medal constructed of silver. The obverse bears the bust of Grand Duke Carl I with the inscription "CARL GROSHERZOG VON BADEN. 1817". The reverse bears he female patron of Baden, the “Badenia”, holding a laurel wreath in one hand and resting her other hand on a griffin. With an horizontally elongated loop for suspension. The obverse features the maker mark DOELL.F (Doell fecit = made by Doell).
The reverse features the maker mark CWD.
The Civil Merit Medal was originally introduced in 1769 under Margrave Carl Friedrich (Charles Frederick) and it was conferred upon civil officers of lowly rank who rendered long and faithful service. It was also awarded to private citizens who distinguished themselves in the arts or industry, as well as to individuals who provided assistance in life threatening situations.
Initially, the medal was not meant to be worn. This changed towards the end of the 18th century.
In 1796, a new stamp was created based on a medal that was introduced for the 50th anniversary of Margrave Carl Friedrich’s reign.
Since 1810, the reverse shows the female patron of Baden, the “Badenia”, holding a laurel wreath in one hand and resting her other hand on a gryphon.
In 1811, Margrave Carl Friedrich was succeeded by his grandson, Grand Duke Carl I. The Civil Merit Medal continued to be awarded with the portrait of Margrave Carl Friedrich until 1817, when a decoration with the effigy of Grand Duke Carl I was introduced. The design of the reverse remained the same, with slight variations.
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