Civil Merit Medal in Gold, Medium, Type III (1820-1827)

CATEGORY: Version

SKU: 02.BAD.0101.302.01.000

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Estimated market value:

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Attributes

  • Country
    Germany
  • Makers
    Carl Wilhelm Doell, Karlsruhe
  • Composition
    Gold
  • Inscription
    Obv: LUDWIG GROSHERZOG VON BADEN Rev: DEM VERDIENST GEWIDMET V. FURST U. VATERLAND.
  • Size
    40mm
  • Version Remarks
    25 grams There are initial samples that use a different portrait than the actual awarded medals. Samples in bronze, copper, and tin are known to exist. On the obverse, the medals contain a maker mark "D". On the reverse, they contain a maker mark "CWD".

Physical Description and Item Details


Only one awarding can be officially verified, however it is likely that more than that occurred.

History


The Civil Merit Medal was originally introduced in 1769 under Margrave Carl Friedrich (Charles Frederick) and it was conferred upon civil officers of lowly rank who rendered long and faithful service. It was also awarded to private citizens who distinguished themselves in the arts or industry, as well as to individuals who provided assistance in life threatening situations.

Initially, the medal was not meant to be worn. This changed towards the end of the 18th century.

In 1796, a new stamp was created based on a medal that was introduced for the 50th anniversary of Margrave Carl Friedrich’s reign.

Since 1810, the reverse shows the female patron of Baden, the “Badenia”, holding a laurel wreath in one hand and resting her other hand on a gryphon.

In 1811, Margrave Carl Friedrich was succeeded by his grandson, Grand Duke Carl I. The Civil Merit Medal continued to be awarded with the portrait of Margrave Carl Friedrich until 1817, when a decoration with the effigy of Grand Duke Carl I was introduced.

With the death of Carl I in 1818, Grand Duke Ludwig I followed him to the throne. On February 18, 1819, Ludwig commissioned medallist C. W. Doell to create a new obverse stamp.
In 1828, yet another obverse stamp was created by Ludwig Kachel, Karlsruhe, with a portrait of an older Grand Duke Ludwig I.

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