Civil Merit Medal in Gold, Large, Type V (1855-56)

CATEGORY: Version

SKU: 02.BAD.0101.501.01.000

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Estimated market value:

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Attributes

  • Country
    Germany
  • Makers
    Ludwig Kachel, Karlsruhe
  • Composition
    Gold
  • Inscription
    Obv: FRIEDRICH PRINZ UND REGENT VON BADEN Rev: DEM VERDIENST GEWIDMET VON FÜRST UND VATERLAND
  • Size
    41mm
  • Version Remarks
    41 grams Variations in maker marks include: Obv: L: KACHEL F. (L. Kachel fecit = made by L. Kachel). Or: LK. (Ludwig Kachel). Rev: K.

Physical Description and Item Details


Only three were awarded.

History


The Civil Merit Medal was originally introduced in 1769 under Margrave Carl Friedrich (Charles Frederick) and it was conferred upon civil officers of lowly rank who rendered long and faithful service. It was also awarded to private citizens who distinguished themselves in the arts or industry, as well as to individuals who provided assistance in life threatening situations.

Initially, the medal was not meant to be worn. This changed towards the end of the 18th century.

In 1796, a new stamp was created based on a medal that was introduced for the 50th anniversary of Margrave Carl Friedrich’s reign.

Since 1810, the reverse shows the female patron of Baden, the “Badenia”, holding a laurel wreath in one hand and resting her other hand on a gryphon.

In 1811, Margrave Carl Friedrich was succeeded by his grandson, Grand Duke Carl I. The Civil Merit Medal continued to be awarded with the portrait of Margrave Carl Friedrich until 1817, when a decoration with the effigy of Grand Duke Carl I was introduced.

With the death of Carl I in 1818, Grand Duke Ludwig I followed him to the throne. On February 18, 1819, Ludwig commissioned medallist C. W. Doell to create a new obverse stamp.
In 1828, yet another obverse stamp was created by Ludwig Kachel, Karlsruhe, with a portrait of an older Grand Duke Ludwig I.

The next Grand Duke was Leopold. In March of 1831, a new stamp for the obverse was made by Ludwig Kachel. The reverse initially remained unchanged. However, variations of the obverse and reverse stamps were introduced during the following years, leading to numerous versions of slightly different obverses and reverses being mixed.

Friedrich I took over in 1852. Until 1856, he ruled as Prince Regent. The first medals with his portrait were made in 1855. The reverse of the medal remained unchanged.

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