Order of Berthold I, Grand Cross

SKU: 01.BAD.0104.102.01

Estimated market value:

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  • Order of Berthold I, Grand Cross

Attributes

  • country
    Germany
  • date of institution
    September 9, 1896
  • remarks
    There is a great deal of variation within the Types of the Order. Small variations in design exist because of different manufacturers. The following variables may be encountered: size; composition; manufacturer; medallion; inscription punctuation; surmounting crown or wreath; enameled wreath; suspension.

Physical Description


A gold Maltese cross with ball finals and with white enamelled arms. A crown lays between each of its arms. The obverse bears a central red enamelled medallion depicting the royal cipher of Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig within a gold ring. The reverse with a similar central red enamelled medallion with a gold royal crown. Suspended from swivel gold arabesques with a gold hollow crown and a large gold loop for suspension.

History


The Order of Berthold I was established on April 29, 1877 by Grand Duke Frederick I to mark the twenty-fifth anniversary of his accession to be conferred as an additional class above the grand cross of the Order of the Zähringer Lion. On September 9, 1896, the day of Grand Duke Frederick’s seventieth birthday, the order became separate from the Order of the Zähringer Lion. The order was then expanded into three classes: Grand Cross, Commander and Knight. Originally the Order of Berthold I had been established as an attempt to keep the people’s descent from the Dukes of Zähringen alive. However, with the separation in 1896, the order could be awarded to any individual regardless of status. The Order of Berthold I was awarded to individuals who or faithful service or as a special show of recognition and benevolence. Recipients of both the Order of Berthold I and the Order of the Zähringer Lion could wear both orders at the same time, but the last received order before the other. In 1900, a Collar was added to the Order of Berthold I. The order could also be conferred with swords, indicating military merit. The awards were conferred within two divisions, the Civil Division and the Military Division. The Civil Division awards featured a surmounting crown, and the Military Division awards featured a surmounting crown and crossed swords. In the case of the Breast Star, the Civil Division Breast Stars do not feature a crown or swords, while the Military Division Breast Stars do feature crossed swords. The royal monogram of Grand Duke Friedrich I of Baden is featured on the obverse medallion.

The Grand Cross was awarded 172 times.

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Versions

  • Price

    $8600 USD

  • Composition

    Gold/Enamelled

  • Inscription

    Obv: FWL

  • Size

    69x105mm; 31.5x27 (crown)

  • Maker

  • Version Remarks

    172 were awarded, 65 of these before 1896. The crown is attached to the cross by an arabesque. There are significant variations of the...

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